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A new generation of machines is automating a tech-averse industry. Theresa Arevalo was in high school when she first tried finishing drywall at her brother’s construction company. “It’s a fine art,” she says of mudding—applying and smoothing drywall. “Like frosting a cake, you have to give the illusion that the wall is flat.” Fast-forward a few decades: Arevalo now works at Canvas , a company that’s built a robot using artificial intelligence that’s capable of drywalling with almost as much artistry as a skilled human worker. The robot has been deployed, under Arevalo’s supervision, at several construction sites in recent months, including the new Harvey Milk Terminal at San Francisco International Airport and an office building connected to the Chase Center arena in San Francisco. About the size of a kitchen stove, the four-wheeled robot navigates an unfinished building carrying laser scanners and a robotic arm fitted to a vertical platform. When placed in a room, the robot scans the unfinished walls using lidar , then gets to work smoothing the surface before applying a near perfect layer of drywall compound; sensors help it steer clear of human workers. The Canvas robot can help companies do more drywalling in less time. It requires human oversight, but its operator does not need to be an expert drywaller or roboticist. [Cars] [Insurance]

The catastrophic effects of climate change are no longer isolated emergencies, but have become the new global norm- click here for more info a reality that is only intensifying each year. Yet the literature regarding climate change has little to no information on the specific nexus between climate displaced and their right to education. Persons displaced by the effects of climate change face significant vulnerabilities with regard to accessing education: saturated school capacity, destroyed infrastructure, linguistic barriers, difficulties to have past qualifications recognized, discrimination, and more. This is why UNESCO commenced a new initiative: the Impact of Climate Displacement on the Right to Education- now explored in the new Working Paper . The effects of climate change go far beyond global warming and rising sea temperatures. They entail rapid-onset weather events such as intensified monsoons, flooding, drought, and wildfires, as well as slow-onset environmental changes such as rising sea levels and desertification. These climate events force people to migrate- either to a new location within their own country (internal displacement) or cross-border migration (international displacement). Whether populations are displaced suddenly due to an extreme event or are undergoing planned relocation, climate displacement entails the mass migration of populations affected by climate change forcibly leaving their homes that have become uninhabitable. Climate change does not affect everyone equally; populations of certain geographic locations, professions, and socio-economic status will be more prone to climate displacement than others. Certain geographic regions, such as the Asia-Pacific region, have long been the victims of increasing natural hazards (flooding, monsoons, slowly disappearing islands). Furthermore, those populations whose livelihoods depend on agricultural productivity are at heightened risk.